martes, 7 de abril de 2009

Genetic background of quality and cell wall changes in fresh-cut melons

El resumen prometido que puede se publique en Acta Horticulturae.....

Genetic background of quality and cell wall changes in fresh-cut melons

M. Helena Gomes1, Joana Fundo1, Javier M. Obando-Ulloa2, Domingos P.F. Almeida1,3, J. Pablo Fernández-Trujillo2

1 Escola Superior de Biotecnologia do Porto, Universidade Católica Portuguesa, Rua Dr. António Bernardino de Almeida, 4200-072 Porto, Portugal. Email:
2 Department of Agricultural and Food Engineering. Technical University of Cartagena (UPCT). Campus Paseo Alfonso XIII, 48. ETSIA & Institute of Plant Biotechnology E-30203 Cartagena (Murcia), Spain.
3 Faculdade de Ciências, Universidade do Porto, Rua do Campo Alegre, 823, 4150-180 Porto, Portugal

Fresh-cut melon is a growing and convenient segment of melon products. Melon cultivars were not bred specifically for fresh-cut processing, and the genetic bases for fresh-cut quality are unknown. We examined the link between quality and cell wall changes and genetics in three fresh-cut near-isogenic lines (NILs) of melon (Cucumis melo L.) and in a ‘Piel de Sapo’ (PS) cultivar during a 9-day storage period at 4 ºC. The three NILs differed in initial firmness and differences persisted throughout storage of fresh-cut. Juice efflux was negatively correlated with flesh firmness. The climacteric NIL SC3-5-1 was softer and had higher juice efflux than the remaining NILs of the parental line PS. Fresh-cut prepared from NILs SC7-2 and SC10-2 were firmer and generally released less juice than SC3-5-1 and PS. Chelator-soluble pectins of SC3-5-1 exhibited a marked molecular size downshift during 6-day storage period in SC3-5-1, but no significant differences in molecular size distribution were observed in the other NILs. Apparently two different quantitative trait loci (QTL) with pleiotropic effect were affecting flesh firmness and juice efflux. One QTL located in the linkage group (LG) III increased pectin depolymerisation, which was probably associated with climacteric behavior. Another two QTLs in LG VII and X were associated with initial firmness levels.

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